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Autonomous Systems & Operations Project Presents Status on International Space Station Payloads
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Autonomous Systems & Operations Project Presents Status on International Space Station Payloads

Dr. Jeremy Frank co-presented status on two International Space Station (ISS) Payloads during the Increment 66 Science Symposium. For the T2 Augmented Reality (T2AR) demonstration, ISS astronauts will demonstrate the ability to perform maintenance and inspection activities using augmented reality hardware and software. Specifically, the ISS crew will perform monthly and quarterly inspections on the T2 Treadmill using applications developed for the Sidekick device (a Microsoft HoloLens - a self-contained holographic computer) onboard the ISS. The applications will track the crew's progress through the procedure, highlight parts of the T2 Treadmill to be worked on during specific procedural steps, and provide visual cues to assist the crew with each step. The applications also respond to voice and gestures made in the field of view of the Sidekick device camera. The demonstration will evaluate the crew's ability to perform these inspections more quickly and with less reliance on ground-based support. Six of nine activities have been completed for this payload. Dr. Frank gave this presentation.

For the Autonomous Mission Operations (AMO) EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments for Space Station (EXPRESS) 2.5 demonstration, ISS astronauts will demonstrate the ability to schedule and execute activities involving spacecraft systems, and respond if those activities require it, all without assistance from mission control. This activity will feature ISS crew powering up and configuring a simulated EXPRESS Rack, an ISS Payload Facility. Because the rack is simulated, the crew will potentially need to power off the rack if an off-nominal event occurs. The AMO EXPRESS 2.5 application features a crew self-scheduling application, procedure automation, and execution tracking. The demonstration will evaluate the crew’s ability to operate space systems, even in the presence of off-nominal events. This Payload will be executed next year. Angie Haddock (Marshall Space Flight Center) gave this presentation.

BACKGROUND: For over 50 years, NASA's crewed missions have been confined to the Earth-Moon system, where speed-of-light communications delays between crew and ground are practically nonexistent. This ground-centered mode of operations, with a large, ground-based support team is not sustainable for NASA’s future human exploration missions to Mars and beyond. Future astronauts will need smarter tools employing Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques to make decisions without inefficient communication back and forth with ground-based mission control. In this talk we have described several demonstrations of astronaut decision support tools using AI techniques as a foundation. These demonstrations show that astronauts tasks ranging from living and working to piloting can benefit from AI technology development. The Autonomous Systems and Operations (ASO) project develops advanced technology to enable Exploration missions.

NASA PROGRAM FUNDING: Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) Program, Human Exploration Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD)

TEAM: Lionel Delmo, Hassan Eslami, Jeremy Frank, Chris Knight, Michael Scott, and Keith Swanson; JOHNSON SPACE CENTER (JSC): Truyen Le, Ravitej Likki, Jeffery Mauldin, Kerry McGuire, Richard Morency, and Lui Wang; MARSHALL SPACE FLIGHT CENTER (MSFC): Brooke Allen, David Depatie, and Angie Haddock

POINT OF CONTACT: Jeremy Frank, jeremy.d.frank@nasa.gov

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