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Autonomous Mission Operations Project Lead to Participate in Designing Habitation Systems Mockups Meeting
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Autonomous Mission Operations Project Lead to Participate in Designing Habitation Systems Mockups Meeting

Autonomous Mission Operations Lead Jeremy Frank will meet with other Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) Habitation Domain Project Leads to discuss collaboration, coordination, and support for the Next Space Technologies for Exploration Partnerships Broad Agency Announcement (NextSTEP BAA) projects designing habitation system mockups at Johnson Space Center (JSC) the week of January 22nd. Along with Autonomous Mission Operations, the AES Habitation Domain projects include Modular Power Systems, Avionics and Software, Autonomous Systems and Operations, Life Support Systems, Disruption Tolerant Networking, and the NASA Platform for Autonomous Systems.

The NextSTEP BAA is a public-private partnership model that seeks commercial development of deep space exploration capabilities to support more extensive human spaceflight missions in the proving ground of space around the Moon, known as cislunar space, and to enable transit to Mars. This partnership model enables NASA to obtain innovative concepts and also support industry commercialization plans for low Earth orbit. Under the NextSTEP BAA, NASA is working with U.S. industry partners on advanced habitation concept studies. Under the original announcement, four awards are addressing habitat concept development, and three are addressing Environmental Control and Life Support Systems (ECLSS).

BACKGROUND: Future human spaceflight missions will place crews at large distances and light-time delays from Earth. The one-way light-time delay to the Moon is 1.2 seconds, which is sufficient to make continuous control (e.g., for landing) difficult or impossible to conduct from Earth. One-way light-time delays to destinations such as Near Earth Asteroids (NEAs) at close approach range from seconds to minutes. The one-way light-time delay to Mars ranges from 3 minutes (at conjunction) to 22 minutes (at opposition). NASA will require autonomous mission operations when spacecraft crew are far away from Earth, because communication with the ground will incur long communication latencies. These missions will require changing the capabilities of spacecraft, changing the roles and responsibilities of ground and crew, and changing the ways that ground and crew interact during the mission. The purpose of the Autonomous Mission Operations (AMO) project is to define vehicle capabilities, roles and responsibilities of ground and crew, and their interactions in order to enable NASA missions to distant destinations.

POINT OF CONTACT: Jeremy Frank, jeremy.d.frank@nasa.gov

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